What Causes Gum Disease?
Gum disease is caused by the buildup of plaque, which is a form of bacteria that forms on the teeth. If the plaque is not removed, it continues to build up and create toxins that damage the gums. Periodontal disease forms just below the gum line creating small pockets that separate the teeth from the gums. Periodontal disease has two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis. If caught early by routine exams and cleanings, gingivitis can be treated and eliminated. If left untreated, gingivitis can advance to the next stage, periodontitis, which can cause serious damage. Periodontitis can cause teeth to become loose, fall out or lead to extraction.
Preventing Gum Disease
Regular cleanings and exams are important in maintaining your overall oral health. Regular brushing, flossing and a balanced diet are key steps in good oral care that can prevent gum disease from developing.
- Smoking or chewing tobacco
- Certain medications
- Bridges that are improperly fitted
- Crooked Teeth
- Old Fillings